The lingzhi mushroom have been used medicinally. Lingzhi is listed in the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia and Therapeutic Compendium.
Names for the lingzhi fungus have a two thousand year history. The Chinese term lingzhi灵芝 was first recorded in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25–220 CE). Petter Adolf Karstennamed the genus Ganoderma in 1881.
The lingzhi's botanical names have Greek and Latin roots. The generic name Ganodermaderives from the Greek ganos γανος "brightness; sheen", hence "shining" and dermaδερμα "skin". The specific epithet lucidum is Latin for "shining." Tsugae is derived from the Japanese word for "hemlock" (tsuga 栂).
There are multiple species of lingzhi, scientifically known to be within the Ganoderma lucidum species complex and mycologists are still researching the differences among species within this complex.
Lingzhi is a polypore mushroom that is soft (when fresh), corky, and flat, with a conspicuous red-varnished, kidney-shaped cap and, depending on specimen age, white to dull brown pores underneath. It lacks gills on its underside and releases its sporesthrough fine pores, leading to its morphological classification as a polypore.
Ganoderma lucidum generally occurs in two growth forms. One is found in North America and is sessile and rather large with a small or nonexistent stalk. However recent molecular evidence has shown this form to be a distinct species, more correctly called G.sessile, a name given to North American specimens by William Alfonso Murrill in 1902.  While the other is smaller, has a long, narrow stalk, and is found mainly in the tropics. However, many growth forms exist that are intermediate to the two types, or even exhibit very unusual morphologies, raising the possibility that they are separate species. Environmental conditions also play a substantial role in the different morphological characteristics lingzhi can exhibit. For example, elevated carbon dioxide levels result in stem elongation in lingzhi. Other forms show antlers without a cap; these may be affected by carbon dioxide levels as well. The species can also be differentiated by their colors, of which the red reishi is the most researched. The three main factors that most greatly influence an individual's morphology are light, temperature, and humidity (although water and air quality can have a less significant impact).
Mentha (bai saranae) This mint (Mentha arvensis) is similar to the mint used for mint sauce in England and is used in Thai food as a vegetable and a flavoring.
Thanaka is a traditional powder derived from the bark of certain trees growing in the Central regions of Myanmar. People grind the tree bark against a flat and wet circular smooth stone then put the paste on to the face, mainly the cheeks for skin care purpose. The Thanaka paste has the slightly yellowish color with the little silky texture and the pleasant smell of tree bark.
เจียวกู่หลาน หรือ สมุนไพรปัญจขันธ์ชาเจียวกู่หลาน มีสรรพคุณเป็นยาอายุวัฒนะ ช่วยชะลอความแก่ การรับประทานเจียวกู่หลานครั้งละ 2 เม็ด วันละ 3 ครั้ง เป็นระยะเวลา 60 วัน จากคนที่เข้ารับการรักษาจำนวน 1-6 คน พบว่า คนที่เข้ารับการรักษาร่างกายทุกคนแข็งแรงดีขึ้น ความจำฟื้นคืนปกติ อาการนอนไม่หลับและอาการปวดหลังปวดเอวหายไป
Boesenbergia rotunda, commonly known as Chinese keys, fingerroot, lesser galangal or Chinese ginger, is a medicinal and culinary herb from China and Southeast Asia. In English, the root has traditionally been called fingerroot, because the shape of the rhizome resembles that of fingers growing out of a center piece.