Boesenbergia rotunda, commonly known as Chinese keys, fingerroot, lesser galangal or Chinese ginger, is a medicinal and culinary herb from China and Southeast Asia. In English, the root has traditionally been called fingerroot, because the shape of the rhizome resembles that of fingers growing out of a center piece.
Fingerroot is known as temu kunci in Indonesian. It is widely used in Javanese cuisine in Indonesia.
In addition to its culinary uses, it is also specifically used as a spice, or as flavoring agents, dyes, or also tradition medicine. After its discovery, B. rotunda has been used in research material in rat studies and microbiological studies (see Research and Studies section).
In Thai cooking, fingerroot it is called krachai (Thai: กระชาย; pronounced [krà.tɕʰāːj]) and is an ingredient of dishes such as kaeng tai pla. It is used in some kroeungpastes of Cambodian cuisine and is known as k'cheay (Khmer: ខ្ជាយ). In the west it is usually found pickled or frozen. The rhizomes are commonly used as vegetables in main dishes or eaten raw when young. It is also used to help make fermented soya bean cake, also called Tempeh, a traditional Indonesian food. Its roots and rhizomes are cultivated in Indonesia, Indochina, and India in small homes and is also popularly used in flavorful curry dishes. Fingerroot is also incorporated into tonic mixtures such as the famous Indonesian tonic 'jamu'.
It is sometimes confused with Alpinia officinarum, another plant in the family Zingiberaceae which is also known as lesser galangal. In Meitei, it is called Yai-macha.
Research and Studies
Research shows that B. rotunda has the potential to successfully treat liver cirrhosis in humans due to its effectivity in rat models. Its rhizomes also contain compounds that are suitable for different treatments caused by Escherichia coli.
For oral uses, rhizomes of Krachai can be used as medicine to heal mouth illness such as oral eczema, mouth ulcer and dry mouth. Its extracts in other studies show that it inhibits the growth of fungi responsible for oral thrush and candidiasis most commonly observed as an infection in patients who have HIV.
It can cure diuresis, dysentery and abdominal pain. From experiment with alcohol extracts and chloroform. It resists effectively the antifungal that causes dermatitis and mouth disease.
Pla nin thot samun prai (Thai dish)
B. rotunda also has been observed to have aphrodisiac properties. The plant juice was suggested to increase fertility by improving sperm quality and lifespan, and has shown potential use for the protection of testicular tissue damage. It is more so targeted to help individuals with erectile dysfunction or decreased male libido.
1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 25 January 2014.
2. ^ "Boesenbergia rotunda". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 12 December 2017.
3. ^ Jump up to:a b "Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". powo.science.kew.org. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
4. ^ Jump up to:a b c "กระชาย สมุนไพรลดน้ำหนัก ชะลอความชรา บำรุงร่างกายให้ฟิตปั๋ง". kapook.com. 2015-07-21. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
5. ^ "Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2018-10-25.
6. ^ Salama, Suzy M.; Bilgen, Mehmet; Al Rashdi, Ahmed S.; Abdulla, Mahmood A. (2012). "Efficacy of Boesenbergia rotunda Treatment against Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Cirrhosis in a Rat Model". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012: 1–12. doi:10.1155/2012/137083. PMC 3439995. PMID 22988470.
7. ^ Chong, Tan; Yean-Kee, Lee; Chee, Chin Fei; Heh, Choon Han; Sher-Ming, Wong; Thio, Christina; Teck, Gen; Khalid, Norzulaani; Abd. Rahman, Noorsaadah (2012-11-27). "Boesenbergia rotunda: From Ethnomedicine to Drug Discovery". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012: 473637. doi:10.1155/2012/473637. PMC 3519102. PMID 23243448.
8. ^ Ongwisespaiboon, Oranun; Jiraungkoorskul, Wannee (2017). "Fingerroot, Boesenbergia rotunda and its Aphrodisiac Activity". Pharmacognosy Reviews. 11 (21): 27–30. doi:10.4103/phrev.phrev_50_16. ISSN 0973-7847. PMC 5414452. PMID 28503050.
Thanaka is a traditional powder derived from the bark of certain trees growing in the Central regions of Myanmar. People grind the tree bark against a flat and wet circular smooth stone then put the paste on to the face, mainly the cheeks for skin care purpose. The Thanaka paste has the slightly yellowish color with the little silky texture and the pleasant smell of tree bark.
เจียวกู่หลาน หรือ สมุนไพรปัญจขันธ์ชาเจียวกู่หลาน มีสรรพคุณเป็นยาอายุวัฒนะ ช่วยชะลอความแก่ การรับประทานเจียวกู่หลานครั้งละ 2 เม็ด วันละ 3 ครั้ง เป็นระยะเวลา 60 วัน จากคนที่เข้ารับการรักษาจำนวน 1-6 คน พบว่า คนที่เข้ารับการรักษาร่างกายทุกคนแข็งแรงดีขึ้น ความจำฟื้นคืนปกติ อาการนอนไม่หลับและอาการปวดหลังปวดเอวหายไป
Mentha (bai saranae) This mint is similar to the mint used for mint sauce in England and is used in Thai food as a vegetable and a flavoring.
Cissus quadrangularis has been used as a medicinal plant since antiquity. Cissus has been used in various Ayurvedic classical medicines to heal broken bones and injured ligaments and tendons. In siddha medicine it is considered a tonic and analgesic, and is believed to help heal broken bones, thus its name asthisamharaka (that which prevents the destruction of bones). The Assamese people and the Garo tribe of Meghalaya and Bangladesh have used C. quadrangularis for bone fracture.